Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disorder in which the patient complains of the urgent need to move the legs, because the sensory symptoms is difficult to determine. Restless legs syndrome is part of a list of sleep disorders: symptoms, in fact, aggravated by rest, while easing their movement.
The published material is intended to allow rapid access to tips, advice and general medicine doctors and textbooks are usually dispensed for the treatment of restless legs syndrome; Such indications should not in any way replace the advice of your physician or other health specialists who care for patients.
What Should Be Done
- Apparently, movement of the foot seems the only medicine that is effective for reducing the symptoms of restless legs syndrome
- Practicing a foot massage to relaxing the muscles involved
- People with restless legs syndrome often complain of lack of sleep and quiet. In this case, it is recommended sleep hygiene: Sleep in a cool and comfortable environment, go to bed at a regular time, do not eat heavy food, do not go to bed immediately after eating
- The bathroom has a hot water anyway can relieve foot pain
- Take a course in meditation and yoga, helpful treatment is to achieve better control of their bodies, either to relax
- Sport regularly practice and stretching exercises
- Alternating hot and cold compresses on foot: heat and cold can relieve the disturbing perception of limb
- Generous doses of supplementation folic acid and vitamin B12 during pregnancy helps reduce the pain at the level of future mothers suffer arts restless leg syndrome (as well as prevent spina bifida in the fetus).
- Looking for a medical assistance from early symptoms, to refer to all the sensations felt
What NOT to do
- Consuming a lot of foods or drinks that contain caffeine. It seems that reduction in consumption of caffeine to help reduce the symptoms of restless legs syndrome, at least for some patients. Foods rich in caffeine-called nerve: coffee, tea, cocoa, chocolate and cola drinks (mate, kola nut and guarana) make caffeine in varying amounts
- Drinking alcohol: Alcohol aggravates the symptoms of restless legs syndrome
- Smoking: Smoking can be a heavy burden on the medical condition of patients suffering from RLS syndrome.
- Use AED / anxiolytics / opioids for a long time: such behavior can even aggravates the symptoms of restless legs syndrome
What to Eat
- It is recommended to follow a healthy and balanced diet, rich in fruits and vegetables and free of excess (especially during dinner)
- There are no specific foods that can improve the health condition of patients suffering from restless leg syndrome
- Drinking foods that provide iron: even a lack of iron in the diet can affect patients for restless legs syndrome. In this case, we recommend that iron-rich foods (although, in general, require iron supplementation through supplements)
What NOT to Eat
- Given the poor quality of sleep of those affected by restless legs syndrome, it is recommended to avoid heavy food intake, high fat and complex carbohydrates before bed. Too big dinner might impede falling asleep.
- Even granting that the caffeine-rich foods can interfere with falling asleep: for this purpose, it is recommended to reduce consumption, especially before going to bed
Care and Natural Remedies
- Natural medicine can relieve some symptoms, but do not interact directly on the cause. Considering that reflects the restless leg syndrome sleep disorders, patients can enjoy a relaxing herbal tea or infusion, to encourage convenience before going to bed.
- Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) → properties hypnotic, anticonvulsant, sedative of the central nervous system
- Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) → properties antispasmodic, sedative
- Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata L.) → properties anxiolytic, sedative
- Chamomile (Chamomilla recutita) → mild anxiolytic and sedative properties
- St John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) → natural antidepressant: many patients with restless legs syndrome complain of symptoms similar to depression. In this case, St John's Wort can carry discrete antidepressant properties. Pay particular attention to the use of concomitant medicine wort and St. John: natural remedies can interact with synthetic active ingredients, changing their absorption. Consult with your doctor.
- Mucuna (velvet bean) → natural source of L-dopa, besides being very useful in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, can be very useful in cases of restless legs syndrome
- When restless legs syndrome depends on a serious lack of iron in food necessary therapeutic iron (iron supplement): iron sulphate (. For example Ferrograd), iron dextran (. Ex Iron ATI 100 solution for injection), carbonyl iron (eg. ICAR) is the most appropriate medicine.
- Pregnant women with RLS should take a heavier doses of of folic acid and vitamin B12
- To relieve uncontrollable movements of the legs, patients who suffer from restless leg syndrome can take:
- anxiolytics / sedatives
- ON medicine
- opioid medicine
- Remember, however, that not all patients with restless legs syndrome require drug therapy. Always consult your doctor before taking medicine.
It seems that practice could somehow muscle relaxation techniques to prevent the occurrence of restless legs syndrome in susceptible individuals.
- Treatment depends on the underlying cause. For example, when the restless legs syndrome depends on the presence of varicose veins, patients generally undergo sclerotherapy or other treatment required for the completion of the basic problem.
- Kidney transplantation is a medical treatment that is remarkable for patients who suffer from restless leg syndrome in the context of severe kidney disease.